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Spinal Cord Injury

The level of spinal cord injury is determined by which vertebrae have been injured

“Spinal cord injury” (SCI) refers to any injury of the neural elements within the spinal cord. SCI can occur from either trauma or disease to the vertebral column or the spinal cord itself. Generally, most spinal cord injuries are the result of trauma to the vertebral column. These injuries can affect the spinal cord’s ability to send and receive messages from the brain to the body systems. 

Spinal Cord Injury Types

Depending on the location and severity of the injury, the body can be affected in numerous ways. Typically, the nerves above the injury site continue to function and the nerves below the site do not. When the nerve damage obstructs every signal coming from the brain to body parts below the injury, it is complete SCI. Unlike when it is incomplete when only some of the signals are obstructed. In an incomplete injury, the messages that pass between the brain and the parts of the body depend on how many nerves remain undamaged. The closer the injury is to the brain, the greater the loss of function and feeling.

What we do

Victims of spinal cord injuries are facing medical expenses, pain and suffering and loss of income. Hughes and Company Law Corporation has resources and expertise in this type of personal injury to get appropriate compensation. Furthermore, our injury lawyer will represent you in medical institutions to book appointments to diagnose the spinal cord injury.

Additional information 

Vertebrae 

33 individual vertebrae called the vertebral column or the spinal column, or the backbone surrounds the spinal cord.  The vertebrae have different names depending on their location. 7 cervical vertebrae located in the neck. 12 thoracic vertebrae in the upper back. 5 lumbar vertebrae in the lower back. 5 fused sacral vertebrae in the hip area and 4 fused vertebrae in the coccyx (tailbone).

Nerves

The nerves that lie within the spinal cord are upper motor neurons (UMNs). Their function is to carry the messages back and forth from the brain to the spinal nerves along the spinal tract.

The nerves that branch out from the spinal cord to the other parts of the body are lower motor neurons (LMNs). These nerves exit and enter at each vertebral level and communicate with specific areas of the body. For example, the sensory portions of the LMN carry messages about sensation from the skin and other body parts and organs to the brain. The motor portions of the LMN send messages from the brain to the various body parts to initiate actions such as muscle movement.